Governmental Programs

These Advice configure themselves in many countries (amongst them Brazil) as instruments of decentralization and participation. Although the distinct sources, Teixeira (2000) considers some essential characteristics the organization of the advice, such as: to be alicerados in a social base consistent; that the representatives of this social base possess its entailed and revokable mandates and that the thus formed Advice exert legislative offices and executive. Peter Arnell describes an additional similar source. In Brazil, the Advice have its origin in informal experiences, with the format of Popular Advice. Teixeira (2001, P. 167) cites the classic example of the Movement of Health organized in the Zone East of So Paulo.

Its Members were elect directly for the population, later being recognized as legitimate representatives of the population for the State Secretariat of Health. Another source, &#039 is the Calls; ' commissions of fbrica' ' , strategies used for the workers to face the inertia and the comprometimento of the official unions. The Brazilian Advice have its molded format in accordance with its entailing: ) Implementation of focused, managed actions through the managing Advice of Governmental Programs; b) Advice of sectorial Politics, directed toward the elaboration, implantation and control of public politics, that are the case of the Advice of Right of Children and Adolescents and c) transversal Thematic Advice, who permeiam diverse scopes of the right and behavior of the individuals and the society as a whole. After this historical sketch, becomes enlightening to recoup some elements that help to compose the national scene. It occurred in the end of century XX, what if it can consider one of the biggest conquests reached for the Brazilian people route to the process of democratization of Brazil, that was the institution of the popular participation in the formularization of the public politics and in the social control, instituted in the Federal Constitution of 1988, in its article 204, II, in which &#039 was established; ' participation of the population, by means of representative organizations, in the formularization of the politics and the control of the actions in all nveis' '.