Glass-plastic pipes are produced in the line of continuous winding. This is a huge drum sizes from 400 mm to 2600 mm depending on the type of products produced at the moment the pipe. On shaping a cylindrical mandrel alternately applied components of inert and organic materials. Manufacture of composite pipe consists of three stages. In the first phase is the so-called diametroobrazuyuschaya supporting surface of the spiral metal strip, then on the resulting surface is imposed isolation tape.
Then fiberglass coils, which is wetted quality epoxy resin. So, is their first layers tube, called a liner. The first layer or liner has a size of 1.5 mm and a smooth surface. This allows the free flow of water ensures that no silt deposits on the inner surface of the pipe and prevents wear and tear the inner surface of the product. The first layer is chemically resistant, does not emit any harmful substances in drinking water, not chemically reacts with the vast majority of aggressive chemical elements, including alkalis. On the liner layer by layer, like a thread on a spool, continuous coils chopped fiberglass and comes quartz sand. All this is done with continuous feeding epoxy or polyester resin. The number of layers depends on the diameter of the pipe, ring stiffness, design pressure and other indicators of the pipe.
These layers form a proper main structural element of the tube and are called bearing layer. The carrier layer gives the necessary strength characteristics of the pipe. And, finally, the familiar process scheme is the third and final layer, it has a thickness of 1 mm and is called external. How do you understand the outer layer is the protective function, protects and preserves the pipe from the external environment, including the biological effects of soil and aggressive from aggressive UV radiation at ground installation of backbone networks. The resulting tube is made of composite material is heated in a special 'stove' infrared emitters. As a result of a chemical reaction of epoxy resin and, as consequently, its cure. The materials of which formed the tube wall, forming a strong and solid composite having properties with the elastic deformation, that is, in spite of loads of soil, the dimensions of the tube remains unchanged. This effect is achieved as a result of continuous supply of epoxy resin in the process release the pipe. That neatly encapsulates all the resin components of the design, therefore, categorically ruled out the destruction of the tube in a process operation of the network or with a different exposure.