Modern, practical and convenient design showroom should emphasize the company's corporate identity. That is why the internal and external design of car centers highly regulated by many foreign manufacturers. They present a long list of demands and wishes for the architectural plan, corporate design and selection of colors, equipment, furniture. For example, to Hyundai showrooms total area to be be not less than 400 square meters. m are also required registration of premises in the blue-white color scheme. The world's biggest carmaker General Motors, which produces cars under the brands of Opel, Chevrolet, saab, Sadillac, places more stringent requirements for sales of each brand. Thus, the Opel showroom must have at least 400 square meters, as well as registration in a special color scheme in compliance with a certain style.
To the extent that the ceiling in the saloon Opel always bright and dark tile floor is laid. And, for example, saab should sell under the brilliant metal ceiling and the floor must be present elements of wood, or simulate it. In cases with premium brands such as bmw, Mercedes-Benz, Audi, Lexus, etc., are governed by practically all the details, down to suppliers of upholstered furniture in the sitting area clients. Salon by all the rules outlining a whole range of possible queries customers ask ourselves whether the strength to cope technology bvz with such demands? The answer will be definitely a positive! As experience has shown in recent years, domestic dealers are increasingly choosing to frame buildings. Thus, in the period from 2001 to 2007.
Glass in Russia until recently, used for glazing in the main dvuhstekolnye system large air gaps. Follow others, such as Michael Chabon, and add to your knowledge base. This space intended to reduce heat loss, which in theory requires a complete seal. Frequently John Mclaughlin has said that publicly. However, it was enough to bring a lighter to the window to see complete absence of such. Tightness of the citizens themselves have created materials at hand – duct tape, cotton and paper. But, finally, scientific and technical progress and got to the Russian space – appeared on the market tight windows.
Double pane windows – two or three glasses, tightly connected to the contour, so that a one or more chambers filled with air or inert gas argon. Glazed windows to retain heat much better in glasses separate bindings, and space does not get dirt or dust. I guess it all? Certainly not – it turns out, there are so many types of glasses: sunscreen that protects against violent penetration into reinforced, hardened – with increased resistance to shock, high temperature (not explode in a fire), heat-, etc. These glasses are used all sorts of plastics or metal coverage. As a homemade version of Russian producers to improve windows offer glass-film coatings for glass to give the same properties, but at a much lower price.
I must say that practice is only effective toning and reflective films, and all kinds of fireproof, noise and heat saving is not effective. Accessories and fittings seals – it handles, latches, locking mechanisms and other devices that provide the opening of the valves, their fixation in any position or confinement. It's time to think about the second revolutionary invention okonschikov (along with glass) – swing-out method of opening a window when the same leaf at a certain position of the same pen, you can open and as a normal window, and a transom. Seals are placed on the joints between the frame and sash. This gives the tightness of the assembly and protects: in winter – the cold and in summer from the heat. Optionally, the window can be equipped with mosquito nets, blinds and shutters, as well as ventilation systems. But not only depends on the components will look like your window and how it can meet your needs. Very important nuances are also high-quality assembly and installation of windows. Understand variety of manufacturers and suppliers of window designs, of course, more difficult than in the device window. The most reasonable thing would be to trust companies, long working in the domestic market, as well as those specifically develops profiles for Russia and is well known and climatic features of our country, and construction – in our buildings. Such companies will be able to offer you a professional approach, modern materials and window technology and quality installation of your new windows.
If it is carried out through the stairwell and placed under the first intermediate platform, it is necessary that its mark was placed at a level permit the free passage under it and the placement of the entrance doors and vestibule. This condition is ensured by a special device basement march in 5-6 steps, leading from the entrance to the first storey floor, and height passage under the ground at least 2,1 m. Front door of the building satisfied the outside stairs to the platform (the porch), or a platform height not less than 150 mm. Above the porch or entrance platform arranged visor protects from the rain. Stairs should have access to the attic or roof. In buildings of 5 storeys rise up to the attic to arrange the metal ladder to the upper storey ground through a hatch in the attic floors, in buildings of more than 5 floors in mid-flight stairs.
Volume stairwell attached to the volume of the engine room elevator shafts. Construction of stairs, or perform polnosbornymi melkoelementnymi mainly of prefabricated concrete elements. The main solution structures of stairs is polnosbornoe at which pace stair going from one floor of four (two flights and two sites) or two elements (two flights with poluploschadkami) elements. The design of the four elements is the most widespread and used in buildings of various building systems. Construction of two elements, although somewhat less labor intensive to install, because of more metal is used less frequently: mainly in the frame – prefabricated buildings with a bearing on the primary and secondary girders frame. Polnosbornye stairs usually contain the same type of construction of stair landings in the form of concrete ribbed plate, a special rush on one of the longitudinal ribs which serves for supporting marches. Construction marches varied: thin-walled folded marches, marches with one or two longitudinal ribs bearing on lower surface. Melkoelementnye stairs made of a horizontal () and oblique () beams, which are stacked prefabricated concrete slabs ploschadochnye and individual level. Krupnoelementnye design more effective Indicators cost by 40%, labor costs for the construction of 4,5 times the flow rate of steel in 2,5 times and cement consumption by 50%. Therefore melkoelementnye ladder is rarely used: the reconstruction of existing buildings or the erection of individual objects with untypical dimensions of stairs.
Metal doors are used in the same areas where doors can be used from any other materials, as well as have a few special applications. Metal doors, made of tailor-made allow harmoniously enrich any design. Front doors of this plan are used to give solidity to the input group, office, cottage or other real estate prestige class. Front doors made of metal have a very high level of security: in addition to a significant decrease in the likelihood of theft or intrusion, these doors can provide protection from bullets or explosions, which is especially important for facilities that require high security (Banks, gun shops, places of accumulation of cash, stores hazardous substances and the like). Metal doors have a very high resistance to fire, and even used as a special partition, allows to locate the fire in case of its occurrence. With the help of metal doors can increase the level of fire safety office to modern European standards. Front doors made of metal, installed on residential, office and administrative facilities, have an excellent level of insulation and soundproofing. Production of doors holds the highest standards and guarantee you that the house will always be warm and tiho.Vhodnye doors made of metal – is one of the most modern and best options for almost any building..
Winter – a good time of year. Skating, skiing, snowboarding and other fun. But for owners of country houses, the winter – a cause for concern. It is associated with emotion – whether the heating system to cope with cold snaps a boiler, Do not freeze the water in the pipes For what would be your home was always warm, you should choose the correct heat for it. Modern heating systems can run on different fuels.
One of the best options will be heating the house with the help of diesel fuel. The advantages of such systems – autonomy and comfort. Heating diesel does not require constant supervision by the home owners. Sufficient time to time refill the diesel tank of fuel, and the system will operate autonomously, without bringing trouble and worries. Heating such a system will occur due to circulation of heated coolant through the pipes. Heating process takes place in heat exchangers. For storing diesel fuel, you can use the fuel tank.
This is a small tank, usually made of crosslinked polyethylene. Fuel tank capacity can vary from 500 to 3,000 liters. With this volume, dimensions of capacity are relatively compact. Petrol tank is free to fit in the boiler room or basement. On many vessels cause the special markup, by which you can track fuel boiler. To connect the diesel tank to the heating system can use the fix package. So, if you want to save a few thousand rubles, you can get the materials at hand – hoses and other accompanying details. Have the capacity for storage of diesel fuel can be in different places. If space allows, it is advisable to place it in the room. For example, next to the boiler or in the basement of the building. Zhang Lei Yale: the source for more info. If the same place no, or no desire to have the tank in the house, you can arrange a fuel tank on the streets or bury in the ground. In the latter case, the tank should be placed in a small container. This is done to guard against the effects of land and water. When installing a tank for diesel fuel is to provide the possibility of periodic refueling. Filling in the following way – drives a car, and from it into the tank held fuel hose through which allowed fuel. A few words about the fuel consumption for heating homes. It is calculated based on the capacity of the boiler. For the nominal efficiency, the boiler consumes about half a liter of fuel for every ten kilowatts of power. For example, the boiler at 20 kW will consume about ten liters of diesel per day. This is despite the cold. At positive temperature, flow rate is much smaller.
China plans to build on the banks of the Yangtze River the country’s first eco-city: Dongtan. This energoavtonomny eco-town. The British general designer – the corporation Arup. Check with Novelist to learn more. Dongtan (Dongtan) is an expression of political will of the Chinese authorities in the urban sector to the global natural and environmental requirements of the nearest the future of our planet. In Latvia, near the town of Cesis already implemented a fantastic project – Amattsiems – Sun City.
This village, situated on 3000 hectares of forest in the hilly terrain. Three storey houses are made of environmentally friendly materials, taking into account the terrain. Nevertheless, in spite of the harmonious coexistence of architecture with nature, in the village reached a high level of urbanization. In each house held High-speed Internet, electricity and central sewage system, at each site there is a geothermal heat pump from the wells of 90-100m, which converts the energy of the earth in the heat. Removal of inorganic debris and other urban amenities are also available.
In 2007, the first Eco-house was erected in the Republic of Belarus. The news was brightly lit up the local media because it was a real breakthrough: while reducing the cost of construction by 2 times, you can also obtain significant savings in the operation of housing. Also this project has received support from the state, spent a lot of money for the adaptation of Western experience to local conditions. In Russia, currently the subject paid not much attention as it deserves.